Modern cities, standing on the site of the first Greek settlements such as Theodosia, Yevpatoriya carry Greek names.
In 957, Princess Olga, who ruled the Old Russian state, visited the capital of the Byzantine Empire and accepted the Christian faith. In 988, her grandson, Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavich baptized Ancient Rus, thereby laying a new foundation for the ever-expanding dialogue of Greeks and Slavs.
Russian Church art, philosophical and theological thought originated from the Greek source. The names of many Greek figures who worked on the Russian land became an integral part of Russian culture: Theophanes the Greek — Russian icon painter, Maxim the Greek — Russian Saint, thinker and scientist, Alexander Konstantinovich Ypsilanti — Russian General.
Brothers from the city of Solun (Thessaloniki), the Holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Cyril and Methodius created the Slavic alphabet and the Church Slavonic language. The Gospel and liturgical texts were translated word by word into the Slavonic language. Church Slavonic for many centuries has become not only the language of worship, but also the language of science and Russian literature.
After the fall of Constantinople in 1453 and the establishment of Ottoman rule in Greece, thousands of Greeks sought salvation from cruel persecution by fleeing to Russia. A few decades later, a Greek settlement appeared in Moscow. In the mid-seventeenth century, Greek monks, who brought to Moscow a copy of the miraculous Iveron icon of the Mother of God, was granted the St. Nicholas monastery in China-Town.
Greek scientists and scholars the brothers Ioanniky and Sofrony Likhudi were the first teachers began to create in Moscow Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy — the first Russian higher educational institution, opened in 1687. Outstanding figures of science, state, diplomacy, church, art and culture became graduates of the Academy. Among them: the great scientist-encyclopedist Mikhail Lomonosov, mathematician Leontius Magnitsky, the first Russian doctor of medicine Peter Postnikov, architect Vasily Bazhenov and many others.
In 1755, the theological faculty of the Academy has been allocated in a separate institution known today as the Moscow Theological Academy - a higher educational institution of the Russian Orthodox Church and the Academy itself given the name of the Moscow University.
Numerous Greek scholars, monks, priests and interpreters of spiritual books has not only helped the Russians to absorb the Byzantine culture, but often played an important role in the life of the Russian state. Very revealing in this respect, the fate of Ioan Kapodistrias.
Ioan was born in Corfu on February 11, 1776. After graduating from the course of philosophy and medicine, he entered the diplomatic service. After the liberation of Corfu from French troops by Admiral Ushakov in 1799 he worked as the chief physician of the Russian military hospital in Corfu. In 1800, at the suggestion of Feodor Ushakov, became secretary of the legislative council of the Republic of the Ionian Islands.
After the Ionian Islands were ceded to France, the young politician entered the Russian service, and from 1816 to 1822 he was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Empire. After the resignation for health reasons, in 1827, count Ioan Kapodistrias was selected governor of Greece for 7 years.
One of the central streets of the Greek capital — Queen Olga Avenue bears the name of Grand Duchess Olga Romanova, granddaughter of Emperor Nicholas I, daughter of his son Konstantin Nikolaevich and Alexandra Iosifovna. Princess Olga is the grandmother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, wife of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain, Northern Ireland and the Commonwealth of Nations.
Like all children in the family of Grand Duke Constantine, Olga was raised in Orthodoxy, received an excellent education, she knew several languages. Grand Duchess Olga was married to the King of Greece, George I, becoming Queen Consort of Greece.
It is unlikely that there will be another people whose fates are so closely intertwined with the fate of the Russian people. For many centuries, united by one religion and common cultural traditions, the peoples of Russia and Greece supported each other in the struggle for freedom and independence.
From the very beginnings of Russian statehood, which began to take shape even in Kievan Rus, to the present day, the cultural ties and mutual assistance of the Russian and Greek peoples have never been interrupted and continue to develop to this day.